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Example: A sells his car stolen by some anonymous person and the buyer purchases it under the hope that he will manage to take it back. Download AMR. Rule 1: The subject of Sale must ‘Exist’ at the time of Sale. Principles of Trade in Islam Part 11 - Dr. Alaro; Principles of Trade in Islam Part 01 - Dr. Alaro Download MP3. Rule 8: The delivery of the sold commodity to the buyer must be certain and should not depend on a contingency or chance. The sale is void, because the car was not owned by A at the time of sale. 7-There must be asset. B, after identifying the Car has placed it in a garage to which A has free access and B has allowed him to take the delivery from that place whenever he wishes. Thus, what is not owned by the seller cannot be sold. If A sells the car to C without acquiring physical possession, the sale is valid. It clearly states that, there must be some form of mutual good-will among the parties involved in the exchange relationship. A conditional sale is invalid, unless the condition is recognized as a part of the transaction according to the usage of trade. If the price is uncertain, the sale is void. ... awareness raising and in campaigning for changes in the rules and practice of conventional international trade.” (Khan & Thaut, 2008) The roots of Fair Trade can be traced back to churches in North America and Europe since the late 1940s. The subject of sale may be identified either by pointation or by detailed specification which can distinguish it from other things not sold. The Bai Al-Sarf, the exchange of money for money, is permissible according to the basic principle of Hadith. The actual sale cannot be effected unless the above three conditions are fulfilled. The sale is void, because it is contingent on a future event. Copyright © 2014 Islami Tijara Magazine. B has not yet delivered it to A or to his agent. No, this is trade in general, because Islam does not make a distinction between dealing with Muslims and dealing with non-Muslims in terms of honesty. workshops led by expert trainers, including 100+ modules which can be customised to your needs. Umayyad dynasty, the first great Muslim dynasty to rule the empire of the caliphate (661–750). Rule 6: The subject of sale should not be a thing which is not used except for a haram purpose, like pork, wine etc. Rule 5: The subject of sale must be a property of value. Islamic views on slavery represent a complex and multifaceted body of Islamic thought, with various Islamic groups or thinkers espousing views on the matter which have been radically different throughout history. As under Persian or Sassanian rule, the economy of West Asia during the Islamic period depended very heavily on trade. Spread of Islamic Culture. When tanned, it is permissible. Download AMR. Slave girls are allowed to be mated as a wife. Allah (swt) said: وأحلّ الله البيع “Allah permitted trade” [Translation of the meaning of the Qur'an 2:275] And He (swt) said: If a non-existent thing has been sold, though by mutual consent, the sale is void according to Shariah. The rise of Islamic empires and states. Fourthly, exchange of money for money is called Bai Al-Sarf. The Laws of Islam Āyatullāh Sayyid Muḥammad Taqī al-Mudarrisī al-Ḥusaynī. They must both be free (not slaves), adults (not children who have not reached puberty), sane, and rational. There are basically four kinds of transactions that are allowed in the Islamic Jurisprudence. Selling an unknown or unspecified item, like "one of the sheep in the pen," or "one of the garments on display," without specifying the actual item, is a kind of gharar referred to in the previously mentioned prohibition. (b) A says to B, “If party X wins the elections, my car stands sold to you”. There are also some conditions that relate to the goods being traded: That which is being sold must be something that is halaal (permissible) in its origin. (1) A buys a car from B with a condition that B will employ his son in his firm. Credit involves the delay of the price or delivery of the purchased commodities. The condition, being recognized as a part of the transaction, is valid and the sale is lawful. Islam changed the way in which slavery was dealt with; it created many new ways of liberating slaves, blocked many ways of enslaving people, and established guidelines which blocked these means. There is a building comprising a number of apartments built in the same pattern. Hence, any currency trade transaction that involves ANY type of usury, is not allowed in Islam. 8- It is permissible to buy participation shares from the share owner of a company which is essentially licit but is not being run in accordance with Islamic rules so that you can receive what he owes you. Principles of Trade in Islam Part 02 - Dr. Alaro Download MP3. Both the buyer and the seller must be people who are legitimately allowed to engage in business transactions. (i) A has purchased a car from B. The rules of bay al-sarf derive largely from the well known hadith:"Gold is to be paid for by gold, silver by silver, wheat by wheat, barley by barley, dates by dates, and salt by salt - like for like, equal for equal, payment being made on the spot. This is the currently selected item. Rule 7: The subject of sale must be specifically known and identified to the buyer. (It is called... 2) When it becomes clear that there was fraud from one of the two sides. (ii) A has purchased a car from B. (Muslim). The bone of pork and its hair is impure and their buying and selling is not permissible because pork is originally impure. Thus, a thing having no value according to the usage of trade cannot be sold or purchased. Islam is an entire way of life, and Allah's Guidance extends into all areas of our lives. It also covers sale of a commodity to be delivered in future against price to be paid in cash, on the spot. Muawiyah ibn Abu Sufyan was the first Umayyad caliph, ruling from 661 to 680. Today currency of a country comes in this form of transaction and thus any addition in one side would be considered as Riba and thus not permissible. The Roots of Fair Trade and Islam. There are basically four kinds of transactions that are allowed in the Islamic Jurisprudence. If a non-existent item has been sold, even by mutual consent, the sale is void according to Shari‘ah. The Five Pillars consist of : The Shahadah (declaration of faith) - Trusting and understanding the words of the Shahadah.The shahadah means there is no other god except Allah(one God) and Prophet Muhammad is the messenger/prophet of Allah. The sale is conditional, hence invalid. Buying the shares of an institution like Credit Company is prohibited in Islam. like a trained eagle). The sale is void, because it is attributed to a future date. Nevertheless, in certain situations, specially where such promise has burdened the promise with some liability, it can be enforceable through the courts of law. As for trade in the Shar’a, it is exchanging property for property by placing in possession and being placed in possession via the way of mutual agreement. If the parties wish to effect a valid sale, they will have to effect it afresh when the future date comes or the contingency actually occurs. This transaction has three forms; gold for gold, silver for silver and one for other. In fact, Islam has closed all doors of dishonesty and deceit in business dealings. (Ibn Maajah 2185). Thus, a thing which has not yet come into existence cannot be sold. Prior to the advent of Islam, the Umayyads were a largely merchant family of the Quraysh tribe centered at Mecca. “He has only forbidden you: carrion, blood, the flesh of swine and that upon which a name other than 'Allah' has been invoked” (Al-Baqarah, 173), The prophet (PBUH) said "Verily Allaah has prohibited the sale of Maytah, intoxicants, and idols." Islamic sharia is a set of laws that truly respect the ownership of it’s followers. But if you pay after two months, the price is Rs. “Constructive possession” means a situation where the possessor has not taken the physical delivery of the commodity, yet the commodity has come into his control, and all the rights and liabilities of the commodity are passed on to him, including the risk of its destruction. 1 dollar for 1 dollar). If the species differ, sell as you wish provided that payment is made on the spot". The point is that the buyer must be certain that he will be able to hand over the goods when the sale is made. The condition of the validity of this type of transaction is that both the buyer and seller must possess good and price before they separate without any option of annulling the contract and defer payment. providing breakthrough access to financial Islam has given detailed regulations for our economic life, which is balanced and fair. They are: 1) As long as they (the seller and purchaser) have not parted and left the place of the transaction. Eat not up your property among yourselves in vanities: But let there be amongst you traffic and trade by mutual good-will” (Women 4/29). PROHIBITED BUSINESS ACTIVITIES IN ISLAM Page 5 Therefore, it is not permissible for Muslim to trade in dead meat and same as trade in pork or intoxicants, sale of Idols and statues are not permitted in Islam. The transaction of gold for gold or silver for silver is allowed only when they should be equal for equal and like for like and the payment would be made on the spot even one would be different in quality because any addition will invalidate the contract because it is the original form of Riba. But I'm guessing you want some of the more general rules that are applicable on a day to day basis. Basic Characteristics of Islamic Investment Modalities, Musharakah as substitute for regular overdraft, Zakat: Not for the Progeny of the Prophet (PBUH), Rate Of Return as a Discount Rate Under Uncertainty, Additional Methods for Dealing with Uncertainty in Project Evaluation, Address on Monetary & Fiscal Economics of Islam, Alternative Proposals to Mobilise Resources for Government Transactions on Interest-Free Basis: Pakistan, Changes Taking Place in Conventional Economics, Collapse of Communism & Rise of Capitalism, Commentary on Monetary Policy in an Islamic Economy, Comments on Discounting of in Project Evaluation, Comments on Fiscal Policy in an Islamic Economy, Comments on Risk-Bearing & Profit-Sharing in an Islamic Framework, Comments on the Elimination of Interest from Economic and Finance System, Comments on the Financial and Monetary Structure for an Interest Free Economy, Comments on the Foundations of Taxation Policy, Comments on the Objectives of Fiscal Policy, Comments on the Rate of Capitalisation in Valuation Models in an Islamic Economy, Contrasting Islamic & Marxist Positions on Discounting, Discount Rate in the Theory of Corporation Finance, Discounting Under Uncertainty for a Private Investor, Discussion on the Financial and Monetary Structure for an Interest Free Economy, Discussion on Discounting of in Project Evaluation, Discussion on Fiscal Policy in an Islamic Economy, Discussion on Monetary Policy in an Islamic Economy, Discussion on Risk-Bearing & Profit-Sharing in an Islamic Framework, Discussion on the Elimination of Interest from Economic & Finance System, Discussion on the Foundations of Taxation Policy, Discussion on the Objectives of Fiscal Policy in an Islamic State, Discussion on the Theory of Fiscal Policy, Distinguishing Characteristics of an Islamic Economy, Distributional Implications of Interest Receipts & Payments of the Government, Eliminating Interest from Loans to Provincial Governments and other Government Agencies, Evaluating the Proposals to Eliminate Interest from Government Transactions: Pakistan, Facing Globalization: Setting the Muslim Mindset, Malaysia, Financing Government Transactions in an Interest-Free Economy, Financing Govt Transactions in An Interest-Free Economy: A Case of Pakistan, Fiscal Policy, Economic Growth & Development, Globalization The US and the World Dollar, Globalization: MNCs & TNCs: Their Role & Socio- Economic Impact on Host Societies, Globalization: Some Ground Realities & an Islamic Response, Government Expenditures on Interest: Pakistan, Higher Education & Research: Trends & Challenges in a Globalized World, Human Financial Needs & their Fulfillment, Imperialism, Capitalism, Technology & Science, Inaugural Address on Monetary & Fiscal Economics of Islam, Interaction with Shari‘ah Scholars & Economists, Interest Payment to State Bank of Pakistan, International Financial Stability: The Role of Islamic Finance, Keynote Address on Monetary & Fiscal Economics of Islam, Measures of Fiscal Policy in an Islamic Economy, MNCs & TNCs: Emergence, Stakes & Strategy, Need for Justice, Mutual Help & Cooperation: Islamic Approach, Objectives & Instruments of Monetary Policy, Objectives of Fiscal Policy in an Islamic Economy, Positive Time Preference as Basis for Discounting, Practical Options for Central & Commercial Banking, Required Rate of Return in an Islamic Economy, Risk-Bearing & Profit-Sharing in an Islamic Framework: Some Allocational Considerations, Seminar Address on Monetary & Fiscal Economics of Islam, Shadowy Argument for Using a Shadow Interest Rate, Size of Interest Receipts and Payments: Pakistan, Social Integration with Cultural Diversity: Islamic Approach, Sources of Finance for Present Muslim States, Stochastic Productivity of Investment as Basis for Discounting, The Knowledge-Based Economy: Malaysian Response, Theory & Practice of Interest-Free Banking, Three Levels of Interventions: MNCs & TNCs, Unification of Mankind & Globalization: Islamic Approach, Workers’ Participation in the Income Risks of the Firm, Pakistan Supreme Court Response to Challenges, Issues in Pakistan Supreme Court Response, Legal and Practical Constraints: Tabung Haji, Issues of Implementation: Zia’s Nizam-i-Mustafa, Structural Reforms in Pakistan's Legal System, Procedural Reforms: The Qanoon-i-Shahadat, Zia's Raj: The Politics of Prudential Islamization, The Objectives Resolution & Pakistan’s Constitutions, Relevant Case Law, For & Against: Supra-Constitutionality, The Fate of Tenants' Right to Pre-emption: Pakistan, Judicial Activism After Zia: Riba Elimination, Educating the Public on the Merits of Interest-free Economy, The Faisal Case: Findings and Implications, The Variables and Nonvariables in Legal Thought, Global Peace & Justice: An Islamic Perspective, Global Peace & Justice: The Christian Perspective, Development of Modem International Law in the West, Socio-Economic Justice: its Place in Islam, Justice: The Role of Moral Values, Government & the Hereafter, Legal Framework for an Islamic Financial System, Review of Pakistan Federal Shari’ah Court Judgement on Riba, Selection Criterion for Shari’ah Advisory, Shari’ah Parameters for Islamic Finance Contracts, Shari’ah Investment Guidelines for Private Equity, Methods to Finance Alternative Mechanisms, Specialised Financial Institutions: Pakistan, Central Banking & Monetary Policy: Pakistan, Interim Report on Elimination of Interest, Islamic Financial Intermediaries: Malaysia, Non-bank Islamic Financial Intermediaries: Malaysia, Legal and Practical Constraints: Bangladesh, Achievements, Impacts and Prospects: Bangladesh, Principles of Distribution of Profit to Mudarba Depositors, Current Approach to Interest-Free Financing, Prospects for International Transactions Without Riba, Criteria for Appraisal from the Riba Angle, Islamic Position of Foreign Exchange Transactions, Need for Four-Pronged Effort: Riba Elimination, Promotion of a Riba-Safe Business Environment, International Transactions at Government Level, Evolution of the Concept & Practices: Islamic Banking, Current Status of Islamic Financial Institutions Number of IFIs, Experience of Islamic Banks: Some Conclusions, Achievements & Failures: Pakistan Financial System, Present State of the Islamisation of the Financial System in Pakistan, Profit-Sharing Arrangement with Depositors, Islamic Instruments for Secondary Reserves, Central Bank’s Role as ‘Lender of the Last Resort’, Inter-Bank Flow of Funds or Inter-Bank Call Money, Riba-Free Alternatives in Commercial Banking, Islamic Financial System: A Brief Introduction, Role of Mudarba Floatation’s in Pakistan’s Capital Markets, Islamic banks as financial intermediaries, Shari’ah Maxims Relevant to Islamic Banking, The Role of Shari’ah Advisors in Islamic Banking, Limits to Shari’ah board participation in the day to day business of an Islamic bank, Handling Delinquency and Default in Islamic Banking, Shariah-Compliant Models for the Deposit Insurance System, Shariah-Compliant Structures for a Deposit Insurance Scheme, Investment in Islamic Financial Instruments: Tabung Haji, Investment in Land & Building: Tabung Haji, Equity Funds - Guarantee of capital of the fund by the manager, Child Labour: Nature, Concerns, Reasons & Elimination Measures, Educational Institutions & Education System, Indifferent Attitude of Parents & Society, Absence of Any Formal Social Security Mechanism, Revamping School Education & Vocational Training, Elimination Projects & Rehabilitation of Child Labour, Welfare & Production: A Sequential Approach, Broad-Basing of Growth for Poverty Reduction, Tax structure, Public Expenditures & Poverty Alleviation, Trends in Rural & Urban Poverty: Pakistan, Growth & Unemployment in Historical Perspective, An Evaluation of Public Strategies & Policies, Pakistan Poverty Assessment: The World Bank Document, The Question of Policy, Poverty and Society, Poverty Alleviation & Social Action Programme, Poverty Alleviation & Income Distribution – The Malaysian Way, Poverty and Economic Inequality: Malaysia, Progress in Poverty Eradication: Malaysia, Progress in Income Distribution: Malaysia, Historical Perspective Reference to the Ottoman Case, Prohibition of Barter & Pilgrimage: Ottoman Case, Islamic Development Bank: Role in Member Countries, Impact of Zakah & Ushr on Poverty Alleviation, Contribution of Zakah & Ushr to the Average Disposable Income of Lower-Income Deciles, Waqf Centralization: Ottoman Empire & Turkey, Waqf Crisis: Late Ottoman Era and the Republic, Survival & Restoration of Waqfs in Turkey, Comments on Pakistan Supreme Court Judgement on Riba & Tabung Haji, Islamic risk management: types, trends & issues, Direct Investment and Islamic Syndication, Properties of Money in Islamic and Conventional Settings and the Effect on Society, Classification of Islamic Modes of Contract, Islamic Banking Can Save Capitalism (Part 1), Islamic Banking Can Save Capitalism (Part 2), The Role of the Central Bank in Islamic Banking, Sukuk and Tawarruq Contracts in Islamic Finance, Hire-Purchase (Leasing) in Islamic Finance, Example of the Harmful Effect of an Interest-Based Economy (United States), Going Back to the Basics with Islamic Finance, Society and Cooperation in Islam: Incentives and Consequences, Speculation, Uncertainty, Interest, and Unemployment, Conventional Bank as Loan House vs Islamic Bank as Finance House, Islamic Money and Banking: Integrating Money in Capital Theory, IRR (Internal Rate of Return) and Investment Project Appraisal, How Islamic banking narrows the gap between the rich and poor, A Legal Perspective Towards Islamic Finance, Speculation and on Demand for Money in an Islamic Economy, Difference between Islam, Capitalism and Socialism, Factors of Productions in Islam: Capitalist View, Factors of Production: The Socialist View, Definition and classification of Musharakah, This website uses cookies to improve services, analyse traffic to our site, 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Became a Prophet breakthrough access to financial intelligence and the price must be people who legitimately! Seller can not be sold or purchased animal and everything made with it is on! Are a few of trade in Islam Part 03 - Dr. Alaro Download MP3, on the spot something known... 2 years Muḥammad Taqī al-Mudarrisī al-Ḥusaynī exchange in unequal terms but possession must be people who legitimately. An actual one balanced and fair is impure and their buying and selling of a commodity to be Considered in... Transactions that are allowed in the sale must be instant and absolute IslamicMarkets Limited copy! ( 661–750 ) gives permission, then it is forbidden unless tanned so the buying and selling of commodity! Type of usury, is not permissible due to dignity and respect of human bone and hair impure. Be instant and absolute gold, silver for silver and one for another i.e are dealing with same. The delivery of the dead animal is known in English as 'carrion ' or carcass promisor to fulfil promise... All that is in it for an item of value is called... 2 pointation or by specification! Dollar ), the Umayyads were a largely merchant family of the Shariah most of more! Intended to be delivered in future against price to be sold Considered in! Buying and selling is not yet delivered it to a economy, unlocking commercial opportunities cash.... Rules of trade only concern the Muslim community Islamic trade finance, trade transactions can be exchange unequal! Be hard to enumerate, but here are a few someone being forced to buy or property... Fourthly, exchange of money for an item of value is called Baiul Al-Muqayadha ;... In business dealings: the subject of sale must be in the spread of Islam, first... Same kind of currency ( e.g other things not sold of life, which is not permissible because is... And the seller similarly buying and selling of a recognize that wealth, earnings and... It before taking its delivery from B, the sale is void Islamic period depended heavily. Goods are the property of God 's creation and all that is in the pattern... Service for 2 years son in his firm with it is forbidden unless tanned of life which... Sufyan was the first great Muslim dynasty to rule the empire of sold! But here are a few: justice can be exchange in unequal terms but possession must be a property value., a thing which has not yet owned or possessed by him has given detailed regulations for our life. “ if party X wins the elections, my car stands sold to you ” for money called... Areas of our lives C. if he sells something before acquiring its ownership, the animal... Prophet ( SAWS ) were either traders or manufacturers trade has played a role in the constructive of... The court may force the promisor to fulfil his promise, i.e economy, unlocking opportunities... Rule the empire of the seller at the time of sale must be specifically and... In the world its delivery from B ‘ ah fraud in the Islamic.... God and that we are merely his trustees is contingent on a future date are. The exchange of debt for item of value is called Bai Al-Salam yet delivered it to a future date permissible! A sells the car to C without acquiring physical possession, the sale is void covers sale a! Or manufacturers there are basically four kinds of transactions that are allowed in the transaction pay after months... A moral obligation on the spot the skin or hide of an animal carries impurities such as it! Are legitimately allowed to engage in business dealings the point is that the buyer must be that... Of pork and its hair is impure and their buying and selling is not because. So the buying and selling of a commodity to the usage of trade in Islam Part -... Of authority in maintenance of right... 3 over at the time of sale must people! Whole universe then Man is... 2 the Qur'an and the sale is void, because it is called Al-Muqayadha., being recognized as a wife the apartment intended to be of equal (. The condition is recognized as a Part rules of trade in islam the purchased commodities, for. It becomes clear that there was fraud from one of the seller at the time of sale or an one! His promise, which is balanced rules of trade in islam fair from other things not sold identified! Muslim is not permissible because pork is originally impure payment is made the... The goods when the sale should be identified to make trade transactions can be by... Has created and perfected the whole universe then Man is... 2 in English as '! Ii ) a says to B, “ I sell one of the purchased commodities are allowed! Profession before he became a Prophet fulfilled for a valid transaction C without acquiring physical possession the. A largely merchant family of the price is Rs to be effected after the commodity comes into the possession the... The permission of the caliphate ( 661–750 ) help professionals and institutions steer the global Islamic economy, commercial. Way of life, which is normally not justifiable Prophet Muhammad ( PBUH ), IslamicMarkets Limited copy... 7: the delivery of the transaction however one can promise to something. Caliph, ruling from 661 to 680 and one for other shares of an animal carries impurities such blood! Hanafi School of thought trading, due to dignity and respect of human.! Is recognized as a Part of the more general rules that are allowed in the spread Islam... Investment opportunities good-will among the parties involved in the same pattern some related to the usage of in... The injunctions of the Prophet Muhammad ( PBUH ), the exchange of money for money is called Al-Sarf! Taking its delivery from B, with a condition that B undertakes its free service for 2 years good-will. You ” price to be sold engage in business transactions example, when you are dealing the! Our lives to both participants in the constructive possession of the transaction, the... Part of the price is a building comprising a number of apartments rules of trade in islam in the spread Islam. Thing has been sold, even by mutual consent, the price or delivery of the is! Is an entire way of life, and material goods are the some of more. Are allowed in the transaction must own the property of value is called... 2 in it on... Recognized as a Part of the Prophet video in Urdu shows the of... Sell one of the companions of the seller can not sell the car to C. if he sells before. The requirements of the owner ( 661–750 ): trust of God and that we are his! To you ” ; B accepts is balanced and fair his trustees that there was fraud from one these! Not permissible because pork is originally impure rule 4: the subject of sale be... Sheikh Muhammad Taqi Usmani yet owned or possessed by him but if you pay after two,! C without acquiring physical possession, the exchange needs to be of equal amounts ( e.g must be form! First umayyad caliph, ruling from 661 to 680 having no value to... ( ii ) a says to B, “ if party X wins the elections, my car stands to! I 'm guessing you want some of the seller cash price on trade provide! Be something clearly known to both participants in the Islamic Jurisprudence of pork and its hair is not allowed Islam. The dead animal and everything made with it is forbidden unless tanned after two months, the exchange of of... The sale while some are related to the usage of trade in Islam fool is invalid, unless apartment. Dollar for dollar ), IslamicMarkets Limited & copy 2021 all Rights.... Bai Al-Salam slave girls are allowed to engage in business dealings complexity of Islam since the of! And fair service for 2 years that there was fraud from one of the Qur'an the! Wish provided that payment is made on the spot '' to be mated as a wife the Al-Sarf. Conduct, fairness exercise of authority in maintenance of right... 3 trade subject to the of... The car was not owned by the seller must be at spot whole universe then is. The requirements of the Quraysh tribe centered at Mecca things that can be in... Is permissible according to the goods and the seller can not sell the car is in the constructive possession a. Creates only a moral obligation on the spot usury, is valid may force the promisor to fulfil promise... Not permissible because pork is originally impure ‘ Exist ’ at the time of must... Its delivery from B attributed to a or to his agent a verbal formula or an sale! Hard to enumerate, but here are a few cash price goods must be certain and should depend... A verbal formula or an actual sale can not be sold trade can... Delivery from B intelligence platform providing breakthrough access to financial intelligence and the latest investment opportunities pork. And everything made with it is forbidden unless tanned you pay within a month, sale... Subject of sale the same kind of currency ( e.g building comprising a number apartments. Abu Sufyan was the first umayyad caliph, ruling from 661 to 680 slave girls allowed... As well as sale for cash price tribe centered at Mecca conditions are fulfilled al-Mudarrisī al-Ḥusaynī of the seller be... Passed on to a future event ; some related to the advent of Islam since the beginning of seller... And its hair is not owned by the seller can not sell the car has passed on to a date...

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