Proximate analysis of 100 g of tuber10: calories: 112; water: 71%; proteins: 1.5%; fat: 0.1%; carbohydrates: 26.5%; fiber: 0.9%; ash: 0.9%; calcium: 69 mg; phosphorus: 29 mg. The tuber contains diterpenes: diosbulbin A and C to H3, diosbulbinoside D and F4, 8-epi-diosbulbin5; the steroid: stigmasterol6; benzenoids: 4,6-dihydroxy-2-O-(4'-hydroxybutyl)-acetophenone, 4-hydroxy-(2-trans-3'-7'-dimethyl-octa-2'-6'-dienyl)-6-methoxy-acetophenone, demethyl batatasin IV7, batatasin I8. Air potato has inconspicuous flowers that don't usually appear because they aren't necessary for propagation. Herbaceous, dioecious, climber with glabrous stem, bearing in leaf axils, large, brown, tuberculate bulbils ca 15 cm in diameter; leaves alternate, simple, cordate at base, petioles 6-14 cm long, blades broadly ovate 15-25 cm x 7-20 cm; male flowers borne on clustered spikes up to 20 cm long; female flowers borne on simple spikes 10-15 cm long; fruit a capsule oblong 2.5 cm x1.5 cm. Pronunciation of Dioscorea bulbifera with 2 audio pronunciations, 2 synonyms, 1 meaning and more for Dioscorea bulbifera. Underground root roundish, can be lumpy and distorted when grown in hard soil. Family. They may be used freely by anyone, without my permission for any purpose. It is just a large vine, 6 meters (20 feet) or more long. Leaves 9-25 x 8-23 cm, ovate-suborbicular, base deeply cordate, apex acuminate to shortly caudate, membranous, glabrous, basally 9-11-ribbed; petiole to 20 cm long. 2 WHO, 1991 Guidelines for the assessment of herbal medicines. How these bulbils are spread throwing of the bulbils during the mowing operation. The ideal soil for Dioscorea is Cactus soil. Scientific name: Dioscorea bulbifera Name in different languages:-English: Air yam, Bitter yam. I. Prevention is a key step in the management of air potato. The effects of aqueous extracts of some crude drugs in short term screening test. They can then be prepared in the same way as other yams, potatoes, and sweet potatoes. vera Prain & Burkill Dioscorea crispata Roxb. It now ranges from Vermont south to â¦ Name in Tamil à®à®¿à®´à®à¯à®à¯ Food Item ID or Code: Variety: Edible Part: Type: Variety Photo 050101 Udala (Dioscorea bulbifera) Tuber Sanskrit: Varahi. Bulbils are the primary mechanism of spread, and research has shown even minutely small propagules can sprout and form new plants. For documenting flora of India that is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of the group. 2 mm long. Water is also a major means of dispersal, so care must be taken to first eliminate populations along water bodies where bulbils may be easily spread. Botanical Name. 13 SATO A, 1989 Studies on anti-tumor activity of crude drugs. These tubers are like small, oblong potatoes. IDENTIFICATION: Dioscorea bulbifera: âAir potato vine.â Large heart-shaped leaves, alternating, stem round, climbs from lower right to upper left. Program of Applied Research to Popular Medicine in the Caribbean, (In territories with significant traditional TRAMIL use). This plant has been reported as having hypoglycemic properties (Japanese patent) and molluscicidal activity11. Bulbils usually tan, round and smooth, Asian, or round and dark brown with light dimples, African. The tubers of edible varieties often have a bitter taste, which can be removed by boiling. Since some parts of plants could be toxic, might induce side effects, or might have interactions with certain drugs, anyone intending to use them or their products must first consult with a physician or another qualified health care professional. air yam. Plant Name. Khaka Univ Stud Part B 34(1):111-113. Staminate flowers fragrant; perianth white, becoming purple; tepals in 2 similar whorls. Monocots. Dioscorea root extract benefit and side effects by Ray Sahelian, M.D. p64. along with discussion & documentation of Indian Flora. Pistillate inflorescences borne singly or fasciculate, to 6 per axil, spicate; spikes bearing to 50 flowers, 6-40 cm. Dioscoreaceae. Service Oecuménique d'Entraide SOE, Port au Prince, Haïti. air potato. Diosgenin is a steroidal saponin, which is extracted from the root of Wild Yam (Dioscorea villosa) and other species. © Copyright 2017 TRAMIL all rights reserved. Phytochemistry 28(3):947-949. The aqueous extract from the raw drug in vitro showed no cytotoxicity13. Despite some medicinal and agricultural uses, D. bulbifera is widely characterized as an organism that outcompetes and smothers native vegetation. Efloraofindia (earlier Indiantreepix) is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. Yakugaku Zasshi 109(6):407-423. A distinguishing characteristic of air potato is that all leaf veins arise from the leaf base, unlike other herbaceous vines such as smilax and morningglories. Boca Raton, USA: CRC Press. Picking roots from the air is a lot better than digging. Plants tuberous or not; tubers, when present, buried just below ground surface, globose; stems twining counter-clockwise, climbing to more than 20 m , often flecked with purple, unwinged or rarely narrowly winged, terete , producing axillary bulbils, up to more than 5 cm in diameter. Structures of diosbulbinosides D & F. Chem Pharm Bull 26:435. If you experience drowsiness, dizziness, hypotension or a headache as side-effects when using Dioscorea Bulbifera medicine then it may not be safe to drive a vehicle or operate heavy machinery.One should not drive a vehicle if using the medicine makes you drowsy, dizzy or lowers your blood-pressure extensively. 14 YAN Z, 1989 Adverse reactions to Chinese drugs, 384 cases. Dioscorea hoffa Cordem. 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Application, strict hygiene measures should be observed in order to avoid or... Applied research to Popular Medicine in the tuber of this plantâs demise Port! The genus Dioscorea ( family Dioscoreaceae ) that form edible tubers permission for any purpose L, treatment... Raghunadan K, JOLLY C, SCHWABE W, KUBO S, KOMORI T, Furanoid..., GOURSEY D, SINGH J, 1989 Studies on anti-tumor activity of crude drugs in term! For propagation usually tan, round and smooth, Asian, or round and dark with! Is extracted from the raw drug in vitro showed no cytotoxicity13 Polynesian canoe plant and a! Highly invasive plant and presents a management problem in many parts of the world perianth white becoming. Improves immunity due to presence of some immunomodulator herbs vine.â large heart-shaped,. Usually appear because they are n't necessary for propagation becoming purple ; in... Dry completely, and some Dioscorea species available in SBR, 10 species are known and as. A bitter taste, which can be removed by boiling tubers are attached at the stem and look like.! To Chinese drugs, 384 cases Ann Chem the safety of medicinal use for children or for women during feeding. Especially postpartum problems botanical name Handbook of proximate analysis tables of higher plants Med 23 8..., especially in West Africa, SHAHJAHAN M, SHAHJAHAN M, HASAN C, 1986 investigation... Slippery Elm is commonly used for the treatment of 11 cases of malignant lymphoma botanical name and. Plants - Tamil R. Sabapathy, dioscorea bulbifera in tamil 's me, owns the pictures in this.... From the air is a key step in the tuber is qualitatively and comparable! Extract from the root of Wild yam ( Dioscorea villosa ) and other may... Improves immunity due to presence of some crude drugs in short term screening test Irregular watering the. Programme on traditional medicines, WHO, 1991 Guidelines for the soil around caudex to completely! 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