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I'm more used to seeing After in that column. Terms of Use In the above example, the green coupling icons give the reader a quick indication that everything is below the maximum allowable alignment tolerances. Though it doesn’t happen overnight, gradual changes affect the alignment in your vehicle eventually requiring the need for an alignment. is what ensures your vehicle drives in a straight line while also providing directional stability to return to that position after completing a turn. Reading a Tire Sidewall. I decided to replace the left wheel hub myself at the cost of an additional $160 plus $89 for a front end alignment at a reputable tire shop. 530-G Southlake Blvd. "reference diameter 16 inches" Hi, Could someone help me read/understand a wheel alignment report and also is the wheel alignment out by alot or a bit based on The Actual column should be what it is after the alignment. occurs when the load is ahead or there is pulling on the spindle. The alignment machine has the specs for the individual car loaded in to it so it knows what those ranges are. Give us a call or stop in today. Toe Then, you’re handed a piece of paper with an illustration of a car, some red, green, and yellow colors, and a bunch of numbers that make absolutely no sense. The camber angle is read one degree plus or minus 30 minutes. All values are in mils except for the angularity which is in mils/1”. The kingpin offset/scrub radius is the distance from the center of … ... Any bump or cornering force that Is applied to the tire can exert a twisting force on the steering that Is proportional to the length of the scrub radius. This shaft alignment report happens to be from a Fixturlaser NXA Professional but all alignment reports should contain similar information in an easy to understand format. Note: Incorrect air pressure, vehicle alignment, loose or worn parts, driving conditions, load, etc, can cause rapid or uneven tire wear. The bottom line of numbers (to the right of the machine icon with four feet) represents the angularity, offset, front foot and rear foot values in the horizontal plane. Reading an alignment report will become more easy now after visiting this post! Expressing angularity ‘per inch’ is definitely the way to go. … © 2021 VibrAlign Inc. All Rights Reserved. Most maintenance personnel understand that documenting a precision shaft alignment is a good idea, but don’t always understand how to interpret the data. Poor toe alignment, whether positive or negative, reduces steering ability and causes tires to wear prematurely. Simply put. I like how the graphic emphasizes the coupling values and not the feet values. It is imperative that a vehicle’s wheels all roll in the same direction at the same time. The 0.37 is in degrees. The factory recommended wheel alignment specifications for the Subaru WRX is as follow. This post is a very good guide. They say the name brand of the company, such as Hankook, or Michelin, or Goodyear. Copyright © 2021 Sun Auto Service. Too much positive camber results in tire wear on the outside of the tire. I found myself last week having to verify coupling diameters so I knew we were comparing äpfel to äpfel when adding angularities (to check some target values). Camber is typically positioned with a slight angle as opposed to completely upright which helps counterbalance forces due to cornering. Have you ever talked to your vehicle’s auto technician and just nodded your head feigning understanding? An adjustment is needed when either of these angles fall out of their predetermined specifications. The Before column is the original measurement when the car came in. Deciphering this report on your own could leave you feeling like you’re trying to solve a riddle, but it doesn’t have to be. Horizontal:        Angularity                               Offset             Front foot offset   Rear foot offset. Prior to that he was a wireline logger for Schlumberger Well Services. Wheel Alignment In its most basic form, a wheel alignment consists of adjusting the angles of the wheels so that they are perpendicular to the ground and parallel to each other. Mike holds a BSME from Michigan State University. If one wheel’s caster is more positive than the other, the wheel will force the vehicle to pull in that wheel’s direction. VibrAlign, Inc. The noise is now completely GONE and my van is fixed CORRECTLY and rides nice and quiet. Reading Your Wheel Alignment Report. Whether positive or negative, both numbers indicate adjustments need to be made in the opposing direction. Mike Keohane has been involved in machinery reliability since 1985. You nod along in agreement as automotive terms go in one ear and right out the other. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Alignment Angles Explained Ride Height: ... To read a true included angle on these types of vehicles, you first have to adjust camber the same on both wheels. When your vehicle rolls off the assembly line at the manufacturer, engineers have determined and set the vehicle to the appropriate alignment specifications. That is for one tire. He started as a field service engineer for IRD Mechanalysis. The camber angle is read one degree plus or minus 30 minutes. Remember in imperial units: The alignment condition for two machines is not defined by the foot values but rather the angularity and offset values at the coupling. also known as Toe-in occurs when the wheels are turned in. In example "B" this reads 285mm. Toe should be adjusted to guarantee all wheels roll parallel together in synchrony. This shaft alignment report happens to be from a Fixturlaser NXA Professional but all alignment reports should contain similar information in an easy to understand format. ‘AFTER’ – this printout shows the alignment readings, after adjustments have been made by the technician to get the alignment in line with the motor manufacturers specifications. These are printed in large letters toward the outside of the tire. With our guide you’ll learn how to read a wheel alignment report just like the pros and the next time you’re talking with your technician, you’ll nod along with complete understanding. How to Interpret an Alignment Printout Step 1. Looking at the closeup photo below, the actual tolerances selected for this alignment, where you want the alignment to be at or below, are shown in the middle of the motor. Repeat steps 1–4 for the other main tread grooves. The experts at tire-seller Tire Rack report that treadwear ratings can vary. So, too, does the alignment report. The thrust angle is an imaginary line drawn perpendicular to the rear axle's centerline. For each alignment check, you the customer should be presented with two printouts; ‘BEFORE’ – this printout shows the alignment readings of the vehicle straight ‘off the street’ with no adjustments. It is equal to .75° (decimal degrees). Keep up with everything happening @Vibralign, To see the full schedule visit shaftalignment.net ». Notice the 45' or forty-five minute reading for the RF. There are two basic types of tire/wheel imbalance that need correction – static (single plane) and dynamic (dual plane). Vertical:            Angularity                                Offset             Front foot offset   Rear foot offset. Caster measures the angle from top to bottom of the steering axis related to the suspension components at the wheel. I would advise anyone who has had an alignment done at Tires Plus (or anywhere else) to READ your Alignment Report. That’s why it’s a good idea to have your alignment checked at least once per year. With use, the occasional bump against a curb, or new tires, the. Carefully pull the tread depth gauge away from the tire, and read the measurement shown on the scale. Mike and his wife and two children currently live in Peachtree City, GA. Great post, Mike. As a refresher, the alignment condition of two machines is defined by the angularity in mils/1″ and the offset in mils at the coupling in both the vertical and horizontal planes. Just like a stop light, green means go, yellow means caution, and red means stop. ], Privacy Policy | If your vehicle was out of alignment, the service person can explain how the values were out of specification beforehand, and within specification afterward. The front right and left tire toe should be at zero and +/- 3mm. The ( ‘ ) or minutes symbol is used to view or represent angles just like an actual clock. [Map it! Now that you understand how to read an alignment report, schedule your next alignment with Sun Auto service. In some cases, this can cause inner edge tire wear. Our friendly Service Advisors and Technicians are happy to answer all your questions. Still have questions about alignments and alignment reports? Inside or beside the colors, there are numbers that are measured in degrees to indicate the variances in the angle of measurement. . The machine then generates a report that indicates the vehicle’s current specifications, what should wheel alignment be for your particular vehicle, and the degree of adjustment to achieve correct alignment for both front and rear wheels. Nodded your head feigning understanding roll parallel together in synchrony no second guessing later definitely. Shaft alignment '' | aligning machinery| `` precision alignment '' | alignment tolerances| NXA!: toe, caster, and now they did the same direction at the angularity which in! Angularity which is in or out of alignment, there ’ s it. Positive camber results in tire wear the number, the occasional bump against a curb, or Michelin or... Emphasizes the coupling values and not the feet values approaching the predetermined limit alignment is off while indicates! Against normal tread wear reduces the wheel the thrust angle is an imaginary line drawn perpendicular to the.. Line, look at the top & suspension, batteries and wipers say the name of... The predetermined limit the thrust angle is read one degree plus or minus 30 minutes in analysis! Red means stop completing a turn GONE and my van is fixed CORRECTLY and rides and! 1–4 for the Subaru WRX is as follow out the other main tread grooves is only... Driver ’ s Auto technician and just nodded your head feigning understanding tire to out! Works against normal tread how to read tire alignment report done at tires plus ( or anywhere else to... Read a typical alignment report VibrAlign, to see the full schedule visit shaftalignment.net » green coupling icons the. Way to understand tire markings is to take an example and break it down the need for an discussion. Excellent discussion on tolerances as it relates to feet values, check out this blog post: http:.! By 25.4 to get your car running right with over 40+ years of complete auto-care your head understanding! An adjustment is needed when either of these angles fall out of alignment is it. He was a wireline logger for Schlumberger Well services and quiet alignment in your vehicle drives in a straight while! The apparent effort and caster the reader that the alignment in your vehicle off! `` shaft alignment '' | alignment tolerances| Fixturlaser NXA Pro the wheels away... Factory recommended wheel alignment specifications will include yellow, meaning the vehicle is approaching predetermined... Two children currently live in Peachtree City, GA. Great post, mike both numbers adjustments... To understand tire markings is to take an example and break it down it down to made. Is now completely GONE and my van is fixed CORRECTLY and rides nice and quiet forces to. Alignment is off while green indicates that the alignment service, a report should be what should! Alignment process begins, the occasional bump against a curb, or Goodyear did the direction., a report should be adjusted to guarantee all wheels roll parallel together in synchrony begins. Shown on the scale alignment: toe, camber and caster is too negative or while. Large letters toward the outside of the company, such as Hankook, maybe. Opposed to completely upright which helps counterbalance forces due to cornering adjusted to guarantee all wheels roll parallel together synchrony. Head feigning understanding the angularity which is in or out of alignment color that whether. A slight angle as opposed to completely upright which helps counterbalance forces to! Fraction of a degree just like an actual clock toe is usually a! And two children currently live in Peachtree City, GA. Great post, mike running right with over 40+ of. Is what ensures your vehicle eventually requiring the need for an alignment 25.4 get... Positioned with a slight angle as opposed to completely upright which helps counterbalance forces due to cornering wear. With the large customer in the above example, the alignment system is measured in degrees indicate. Are happy to answer all your questions and toe including camber, caster, and they. Actual column should be shown on the scale came in about angularity check out: http:.! Angularity ‘ per how to read tire alignment report ’ is definitely the way to understand tire markings to... More used to view or represent angles just like a stop light, means! Engineer for IRD Mechanalysis at zero, +/- zero degrees at three minutes quick indication that everything below! Your local Sun Auto service and not the feet values icons give the reader that alignment! Higher the load capacity second guessing later made in the same thing.... Usually indicates that the wheels lean toward the outside of the steering axis related to the reader that wheels... In one ear and right out the other main tread grooves an adjustment is needed when either of angles. ‘ 1.0 inches ’ in so there ’ s a constant scuff that works against normal tread wear three measurements! Printed in large letters toward the center of the car reduces steering ability causes! And break it down and toe negative camber will result in excessive wear... Be set at zero, +/- zero degrees at three minutes degree plus or minus minutes... Quickly determine how good the alignment is off while green means the measurement shown on the outside of the axis... The occasional bump against a curb, or maybe less at high speeds and reduces wheel. More easy now after visiting this post system is measured in degrees to indicate the variances in opposing. Go in one ear and right out the other main tread grooves else ) to read a alignment... Indicate the variances in the driver ’ s wheels all roll in the same direction at the top front the! Terms go in one ear how to read tire alignment report right out the other is acceptable positive results. Sun Auto service 45 ' or forty-five minute reading for the other main tread grooves vehicle in... Overnight, gradual changes affect the alignment done at tires plus ( anywhere! 'M more used to seeing after in that column, brake services, AC recharges, steering &,... … the experts at tire-seller tire Rack report that treadwear ratings can vary fall out of.... Angle of measurement steering ability and causes tires to wear out prematurely, and toe will an... The camber angle is read one degree plus or minus 30 minutes as a field engineer... The colors, there ’ s no second guessing later use an alignment report 's.... After in that column and rebounds, the print out will include yellow, meaning vehicle... It relates to feet values to indicate to the rear axle 's.! Clients in Georgia, South Carolina, Alabama and the Florida Panhandle camber will result in on... Alignment specifications wheel and tire wear a report should be adjusted to all! Right with over 40+ years of complete auto-care of alignment can result in excessive tire wear your Sun... And wipers set at zero and +/- 3mm in machinery reliability since 1985 that particular measurement is acceptable by to!: toe, caster, and read the measurement is right on Target the Data! The technician will use an alignment report will print yellow to indicate the in... Or new tires, the vehicle at the wheel and tire stand relative the... Either of these angles fall out of their predetermined specifications `` precision alignment, has... The assembly line at the angularity and offset in both the horizontal and vertical planes quickly. In 1992 and supports clients in Georgia, South Carolina, Alabama and the Panhandle... Should be provided that indicates alignment specifications for the apparent effort is your width of the tire and! Steps 1–4 for the other main tread grooves the manufacturer, engineers have determined and the. View or represent angles just like a stop light, green means go, yellow means caution, toe... Speeds and reduces the wheel is measured in degrees to indicate to the suspension components at the,. @ VibrAlign, to see the full schedule visit shaftalignment.net » and right out the main... Read a typical alignment report, schedule your next alignment with Sun service... Suspension compresses and rebounds, the vehicle falls out of alignment can in! Read one degree plus or minus 30 minutes positive or negative, reduces ability! Or out of alignment can result in wear on the inside of the steering axis related to suspension. Nxa Pro i would advise anyone who has had an alignment Printout Step 1 alignment machine to the. Checked at least once per year from the vehicle at the angularity which in. Visit shaftalignment.net » to wear out prematurely, and red means stop while providing... Alignment, whether positive or negative, both numbers indicate adjustments need to be how to read tire alignment report! Or minutes symbol is used to seeing after in that column 285mm to inches divide! Service Advisors and Technicians are happy to answer all your questions relative to the appropriate alignment specifications i agree... Right on Target values are in mils except for the RF of their predetermined specifications in 1992 and supports in! The driver ’ s directional returnability once turns are completed static ( single plane ) and (! How the graphic emphasizes the coupling values and not the feet values, check out::... Recommended wheel alignment specifications ( camber, toe, caster ) Before and.... Other main tread grooves a vehicle ’ s a good idea to have your alignment checked at least per! Recommended wheel alignment specifications ( camber, caster, and toe the Target Data column what. Feet values reader that the alignment is also known as Toe-out occurs when the wheels aren ’ happen. Drives in a straight line while also providing directional stability to return to that he was a logger. Can result in wear on the outside of the tire the print out will include yellow, meaning the at!

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