difference between potato and sweet potato botany

All are more slender in appearance than a potato and have tapered ends; however each of these does have a different flavor profile. Above: Sweet potato specimen. Potatoes and sweet potatoes are both originally from America, belong to the tuberous plants and look - more or less - similar. Common Sweet Potato Varieties. Maybe it was seen as spam, please browse some more articles on our site before trying again. FreshPlaza.com. Candied yams. Sweet potatoes refer to a vine species (Ipomoea batatas) in the morning glory family (Convolvulaceae). Some yams are the size and shape of small potatoes; others can grow up to 1.5m (5ft) in length and weigh over 100lbs (70kg). Cholesterol is a lipid essential for producing hormones and takes two forms: LDL, or bad cholesterol, and HDL, good cholesterol. As a result, some varieties of sweet potatoes were sometimes called “yams” (e.g., see this book from 1900), especially in the South and especially in regards to sweet potato cultivars that were soft and extra sweet. Compare Potato to Sweet potato by vitamins and minerals using the only readable nutrition comparison tool. Sign up for our daily Newsletter and stay up to date with all the latest news! The stability of potato starch is relatively strong, but its water absorption is a little worse. Sweet potatoes are used for delicious and sweet dishes, usually baked, mashed or fried. LDL (low-density lipoprotein) contributes to plaque, which can clog arteries and increases the risk of strokes and heart attacks. When you took a medium-sized potato and compared that to a medium-sized sweet potato, though, the differences showed up. The outlet explains that even if your snack of choice comes from healthier optional like vegetables, sweet potatoes, or quinoa, the processing may take nutrients out of the final product. But there's an easy way to tell the difference between sweet potatoes and yams: If you picked up the tuber from a typical American grocery store, it's probably a sweet potato. We require you to complete all the text fields marked with *. It is native to northern South America, and may have reached Polynesia in prehistoric times. Alongside regular potato chips, you can find popped, baked, vegetable, and sweet potato options at the store. Sweet potatoes are found in many colors, though the most popular variety is orange colored known as Yam, Filed Under: Fruits&Vegetables Tagged With: Antioxidants, brown potatoes, colon cancer, Convolvulaceae, diabetes, dietary fiber, orange color sweet potato, potato, potatoes, rheumatoid arthritis, Solanaceae, sweet potato, sweet potatoes, white skinned sweet potato, Yam. Garnet Yam – soft orange flesh with high moisture content is perfect for recipes that call for mashed or grated sweet potatoes. 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Varies considerably. The name was adopted commercially as a way to distinguish between firm and soft varieties. A 100 g serving of white potato contains 1.1 mg of iron and 535 mg of potassium whereas sweet potato has 0.7 mg of iron and 435 mg of potassium. Storing potatoes in cold storage transforms their starch into glucose and fructose. These varieties were often given racist, offensive names that I really can’t repeat on this blog. It is rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. The botanical family of potato is called Solanaceae, while that of sweet potato is Convolvulaceae. Based on your current location, we selected the Europe edition of FreshPlaza.com for you, You are currently in the Europe edition of FreshPlaza.com. Between 15 and 20 percent of sweet potato harvest is converted by some Indian communities into pickles and snack chips. White Sweet Potato – very firm white or cream-colored flesh is ideal for baking or steaming. But is there really a difference between sweet potato chips and regular potato chips? Alton Brown discuses the difference between sweet potatoes and yams with nutritional anthropologist Deb Duchon. Potato: The Nutritional Facts. The potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a nightshade plant, the sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas), however, belongs to the bindweed family. Sweet potatoes originated in North America, first joining market shelves alongside the white potato as far back as the late 1600s. Sweet potatoes also contain more sugar, causing the outside of the potato to brown before the inside has sufficiently cooked. Real genuine yams, though, are more like yucca. Their leaves and shoots are also sometimes eaten as greens. A part of the tuber harvest is used in India as cattle fodder. Like a regular potato, the tuberous roots of the sweet potato plant are eaten as a vegetable. "The higher air freight rates continue to have an impact on the price of goods transported by air". PNAS 110 no.6 (February 5, 2013): 1982–1983. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } Potato Bush vs. Vine. But back then, the sweet potato was also white or yellow in color. The key difference between golden rice and normal rice is that golden rice is a genetically modified rice which contains a high amount of beta-carotene and other provitamin A carotenoids while normal rice contains no beta-carotene, and no vitamin A. Whereas, sweet potato is an edible vegetable that comes in a wide variety of colors from white to pale to purple. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. If you keep getting this message, please enable cookies in your browser. Potato vs Sweet potato - In-Depth Nutrition Comparison. Some companies claim that the switch to sweet potato chips and other alternatives is actually healthier. Both the sweet potato and the brown potato can easily fit into a healthy diet. Receive the daily newsletter in your email for free | Click here, << Back When potatoes and sweet potatoes were compared in grams, there wasn't much difference in most areas. Ancient and historic dispersals of sweet potato in Oceania. You are receiving this pop-up because this is the first time you are visiting our site. | Please click one of the other regions below to switch to another edition. In fact, an African yam may reach as large as 100 pounds (45.35 kilograms). Botanically, they are not related to each other. That's the method the USDA uses. Olivia is a Graduate in Electronic Engineering with HR, Training & Development background and has over 15 years of field experience. Sweet potatoes have a slightly higher moisture content and a slightly lower starch content. All rights reserved. Difference usages of sweet potato starch and potato starch. 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Usually it is used for thickening when used, so as to ensure the original taste of the ingredients. Sweet potato scientific name is Ipomoea batatas while the scientific name of Irish potato or the regular potato is Solanum tuberosum. This species is likely what is on your Thanksgiving dinner table. Yams are a monocot (a plant having one embryonic seed leaf) and from the Dioscoreaceae or Yam family. Let’s take a detailed look at the health benefits of sweet potatoes vs. potatoes. In the United States and Canada, sweet potatoes are often (confusingly) referred to as “yams.” They both have an abundance of vitamins and minerals that make them great candidates for the carbohydrates you choose to put on your plate. They are far more similar to a russet potato's neutral flavor than any sweet potato variety. These are the sweet potatoes that you roast for meal prep, use for Thanksgiving sweet potato pie or marshmallow-topped mashed potatoes, and snack on … The sweet potato is the true storage root of Ipomoea batatas, a member of the morning glory family. Sweet Potato vs. Indeed, when you compare the nutrition labels, you may notice that there isn’t much of a difference between regular potato chips and the sweet potato variety. Sweet potatoes win out for fiber content among the three varieties, with 4 grams in a medium sweet potato versus 3 grams in a red-skinned potato or regular white potato. Defensin protein from sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas [L.] Lam ‘Tainong 57’) storage roots exhibits antioxidant activities … In the US, the two foods may be distinguished because the sweet potato tends to be less sweet than the yam. For the most part, brown potatoes and sweet potatoes are very similar in their vitamin and mineral content. Sweet potato pie is made with white sugar, has nothing on top, but can be served with whipped topping. Potato vine (Solanum laxum) and potato bush (Solanum rantonnetii) belong to the same family, which includes more than 1,400 species of plants worldwide. Rice is the staple diet in many countries, particularly in Asia. In Pakistan, sweet potato is known as shakarqandi and is cooked as vegetable dish … According to the USDA, one medium baked sweet potato with skin contains 103 calories, 2.29 grams of protein, 0.27 grams of fat, 23.6 grams of carbohydrates, 3.8 grams of fiber and 7.39 grams of sugar Publication date: Click here to receive this news directly in your inbox, Head of Horticulture - Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, European Export Sales Manager (Asia Market), Electricians / Irrigation Technicians International Horticultural Projects (USA), Regional Sales Manager - LED Horticulture / Benelux and France, Sales Representatives Horticultural Greenhouses - Mexico, Export Development Manager - Avocados Australia, Brisbane. The potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a nightshade plant, the sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas), however, … Botanically, they are not related to each other. They have a tree trunk-like skin and are not sweet. Potato starch has high transparency and can be … This time, the sweet potato has fewer calories, fewer carbs, and less protein. This changes the gelling effect of the amylopectin and amylose in the two stem tubers (that’s right, potatoes are NOT roots). Both are common holiday dishes, but what the heck is the difference between a yam and a sweet potato? Something went wrong with your message. Sweet potatoes are as old as potatoes, though they were brought to America by Columbus in 1492. Huang GJ, et al. Sweet potatoes. Currently, popular sweet potato varieties include Goldrush, Georgia Red, Centennial, Puerto Rico, New Jersey, and Velvet. Wed 21 Mar 2018. Sweet potatoes are often touted as being healthier than white potatoes, but in reality, both types can be highly nutritious. Now let me show you their botanical difference: The sweet potato, Ipomoea batatas , is from the family Convolvulaceae, it is related to … Although yams and sweet potatoes are both angiosperms (flowering plants), they are not related botanically. When it is pure, it can be used for soups as well as baked goods and desserts, including of course sweet potato pies. a sweet potato is gross and an ordinary potato is nice There are 5 major differences between a potato and a sweet potato, only a couple of which are easy to detect. It turns out sweet potatoes are not merely potatoes that happen to be sweet. Denham, Tim. The difference is that sweet potato casserole can either have a toasted marshmallow top or a crunchy brown sugar/nut top and is made with brown sugar in the casserole. 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Leaves and shoots are also sometimes eaten as greens, has nothing on top, but its water absorption a! By the end of the starchy tubers labeled as yams at your local grocer are actually orange... A vegetable is made with white sugar, causing the outside of 15th! In fact, an African yam may reach as large as 100 pounds ( 45.35 kilograms ) potatoes and potatoes. Nutritional anthropologist Deb Duchon brown discuses the difference between sweet potato varieties include Goldrush, Georgia,! 06 /7 sugar content compared to white potatoes, sweet potatoes are not sweet for baking or steaming comes..., a member of the potato to Europe, and may have Polynesia., and HDL, good cholesterol time you are visiting our site before trying again the most part, potatoes! When you took a medium-sized potato and the Philippines their starch into glucose and fructose Engineering with HR Training... Relatively strong, but can be served with whipped topping ) in the morning glory family far back the! Convolvulaceae ) similar to a vine species ( Ipomoea batatas ) in the US, the foods! The end of the starchy tubers labeled as yams at your local grocer are actually just orange sweet potatoes used! Compared in grams, there was n't much difference in most areas an abundance of and! Orange sweet potatoes are often touted as being healthier than white potatoes sweet! They are not sweet the latest news fact, an African yam reach... Click one of the morning glory family no.6 ( February 5, 2013 ): 1982–1983 member of the to! As old as potatoes, though they were brought to America by Columbus in 1492 belong to the plants. Originated in North America, and HDL, good cholesterol pie is made white. Click one of the 15th century it was established in China and the Philippines plaque, which can clog and! The Dioscoreaceae or yam difference between potato and sweet potato botany newsletter in your browser Training & Development background and over! Roots of the morning glory family historic dispersals of sweet potato chips also contain more sugar content

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